By Marty Rood
Advanced Group and General Information for the “Safety Conscious” Rider Submitted by Holmes
By Marty Rood
It has come to my attention that there are more and more people getting together as groups not only for impromptu short excursions but also for organized rides. A group ride could be defined as any group of two or more motorcycles riding together. Therefore, this month's musings are general guidelines for safe, enjoyable riding with others. There are many specifics concerning group riding, including, instructions before the ride so everyone understands the hand signals, the route, how long between rest stops and a myriad of other necessary instructions. This article is not going to go into specifics, but rather into the general guidelines of group riding so as to have a safe ride; but not be so overwhelmed with things to remember as to take away from the enjoyment of the ride.
A Group Ride is normally composed of a Ride Leader and a Sweep or Drag Rider (bringing up the rear). For organized rides they usually have CB communication and knowledge of the route including not only the final destination, but also the stops along the route. If more riders in the group have CBs, then casual chatter during the ride should be kept to a minimum by the riders of the group so that the Lead and the Sweep Rider(s) can be in instant communication whenever needed. Motorcyclists normally will monitor Channel 1, but this can be easily changed if a new channel is agreed upon before the ride starts, or even during the ride, if necessary. If communication between other riders in the group is desired; then they should go to another channel.
Normal riding as a group is done in a staggered formation. This is, basically, dividing a lane in half with each rider occupying his/her own half of the lane. It is each rider's responsibility to ride in the half of the lane as dictated to by the next rider in front. If the rider in front needs to change lane halves to maintain the stagger, then it is the following rider's responsibility to change lane position on down the line to accommodate this change. The Lead Rider usually starts the stagger in the left half of the lane position. While in staggered group riding, the normal stagger distance is 1 -> 1½ seconds, and no more than a 3 second gap, in order to maintain a tight formation and not allow traffic to interrupt and break up the formation. This means that each rider will be 2 -> 3 seconds behind the rider directly in front and using the same half of the lane. When coming to a stop, the group generally forms up two abreast / side by side. When the group starts off, the rider on the left starts first.
When riding in curves, the stagger is no longer warranted and a single file type of formation is normal. These changes in lane position should be dictated by the lead Rider. Holding two fingers straight up in the air (either the index and little fingers, or the first two fingers) indicates a staggered formation, while the index finger pointing straight up in the air is a direction for single file riding.
Single file riding allows the riders more freedom to negotiate the curves and to dodge obstacles while having the freedom to use the whole lane. In single formation the normal distance between riders is increased to 3 -> 5 seconds. For safety, the single file formation should not be elongated to such a distance that the rider in front cannot be seen. There are two reasons for this:
1. It is much easier to negotiate around corners by using the next rider's position to "see" further around blind curves
2. The rider can see and pass back hand signals indicating obstacles or other information ahead.
If any rider feels that the group pace is too fast for comfort, then he/she should motion the following bikes to pass until the only one left following is the Sweep/Drag Rider. Then ride at your own pace until the next stop; when you should inform the Lead Rider that you are uncomfortable with the pace. It will then be up to the Lead Rider to either separate the ride into two groups, or go at a slower pace so that all members of the group feel secure. Group riding should not be, and is never, a race!
If a rider in the formation needs to pull out for any reason, the group will close up the gap and reorganize the stagger. Please do not pull off, also, unless you need to do so. The Sweep/Drag Rider of the group will aid the rider who has pulled over. He will also communicate (via CB radio) with the Ride Leader so as to apprise him of the situation. The next (last) rider then becomes the Sweep/Drag rider until the Sweep/Drag rider returns to the group.
When turning onto another road, if the next rider back cannot be seen -- either due to having traffic in-between, or a large enough gap in the group for any reason; the last rider in the line must wait at the turn for the next rider to show up before leaving the turn so as to signal that the route has taken a turn. This will keep the group together on the same route even though there may be unforeseen gaps in the formation. The only exception to this is if the rear rider is the Drag Rider. He, I'm sorry to say, should be able to fend for himself. }:>
Passage of Information through Signals
During the ride, the Ride Leader will make various blinker light, hand, and leg signals. These signals indicate lane changes or turns, obstacles, increasing/decreasing speed, or whether to form a stagger formation or a single line. These hand signals need to be passed back through the group from the front rider to the next rider in line. That way each rider only needs to be cognizant of signals from the rider directly in front of him/her rather than everyone trying to keep an eye on the Ride Leader.
Blinker lights should always be used to not only allow everyone to see the upcoming change, but to feed back acknowledgment. In a group ride, whether it be the Ride Leader or in the middle of the pack, the bike in front needs to see the blinker light of the following rider before turning in front of the following rider/bike (such as a right hand turn when the bike in the left stagger crosses over in the right stagger lane). This prevents the bike in front from crashing into the (surprised/unprepared) following bike/rider when making the turn. Assuming that the following bike sees your blinker light (when he/she hasn't has caused many crashes among group riders). Sometimes riders don't notice blinker lights right away, so they should be turned on well before the turn. That way everybody in the group becomes aware that a turn is coming up.
If an obstacle is spotted in the road, it should immediately be signaled to the riders in back for safety. Sometimes, when the obstacle is spotted in a blind curve, and one doesn't want to take one's hand off the handlebars, the signal is often done with an outstretched leg (indicating which side of the lane the obstacle is located). I've found this to be very useful when I don't want to take my hand off the throttle and the obstacle is on the right side of a blind curve. Some typical obstacles which should be signaled as to where they may lie in the lane are: sand/dirt/gravel/rocks, pot holes, dead animals, road dragons, (pieces of truck tire treads), vehicular debris, range cattle, tar snakes (road tar repairs), furniture, etc. These obstacle signals should always be passed to the rear as soon as possible so as to give those riders the best opportunity to dodge them. Don't forget that the riders towards the rear in a group ride will not be able to see as much of the whole road surface as those in front due to the visual blockage of the front riders. Other hand signals include speed changes, directions for coming alongside or passing, need for food or rest stop, and other miscellaneous things like telling another rider that his blinker light is on unnecessarily.
There are certain tips which, when incorporated into one's riding, will make the ride safer as well as enjoyable. The following are some generalities of how to ride in rural areas. Range cattle have the right of way. Riders should slow way down for cattle found alongside, or in, the roadway. Some of these, especially the calves, become skittish and very often bolt directly in front of the bike, so have your brake covered in case you need to come to a complete immediate stop.
Some years seem to have a bumper crop of locusts which like to crawl out on the roadway to sun themselves. Although, in places, the road might appear to be covered with them; don't worry about losing traction because of them. You will not hydroplane (skid) over them unless you are in a full fledged migration, or swarm.
When there are an abnormal number of locusts on the road, there also seems to be an overabundance of locust eaters, or chipmunks and ground squirrels. These can sometimes be seen down the road in the dozens in certain areas. Even though no one wants to hit one of these cute little critters; do not attempt to dodge or brake for them as this will actually increase the odds that you will hit them. They will dodge or stop at just the last moment, and if you attempt to swerve or brake for them; you will be more likely to lose control if you do hit one. On those occasions where you are worried about hitting one of them; just get a good grip on the handlebars and ride your line. At worst, even when leaned over in a curve, you will only feel a slight bump if you happen run over one.
Sand/gravel is sometimes found in curves from cars and trailers running a wheel off the roadway and "splashing" up some of the sand/gravel from the side of the road. Sometimes in the springtime there are also some "dirty" sections of the roads in the higher elevations due to snow melt runoff. When encountering a dirty roadway, the inside tire track of the lane (closest to the centerline) is almost always the cleanest part of the road and should be taken in a single file formation.
Cattle Guards while in curves are sometimes also encountered. These can be slippery, especially to motorcycle tires with their small contact patches. When wet, either with water or oil, they are extremely hazardous and should always be taken in a straight line while straight up on the motorcycle (no lean angle). This can be accomplished by doing the curve in two stages. The beginning of the turn before the cattle guard, then straight up over the guard, and finish the turn after going over it. This is known as a "double apex" for those who may not already know the technical terminology.
Group Riding can be a lot of fun if all the members are comfortable within the group. If one or more members of the group are not comfortable; then this should be discussed at the next stop so as to accommodate or correct the cause of the problem. It's very easy to take each problem and, with a little tact, teach whomever might not have a sufficient understanding of these simple rules. We all can then enjoy the fine sport of Motorcycling.
I find that, on
occasion, watching the serpentine undulations of a tightly
packed group of riders go through a set of turns, or riding in a uniform
staggered formation on the Interstate is a beautiful sight to behold
and should be experienced at least once by
Advanced Group and General Information for the “Safety Conscious” Rider Submitted by Holmes
Road snakes, gremlins, patting your helmet with your left hand while riding, one finger held straight up over your head while riding, your leg pointed out and downward (from either side of your bike) while riding, if these short statements are not “instantly” recognized than you may want to read on.
Even if you do know what all of the above refers to go over it again, tell your riding friends as well, make sure they know what these things mean.
There are no real rules here, and I certainly do not presume that anything that is said is an absolute but rather intended that what be said should be added to “ones” general knowledge. Based on 36 years of riding, I find that it is interesting and educational to know as much as possible about the sport I love to spend my time on. Those words having been said, please, join with me, have fun, and add this information to your knowledge base.
There are different styles of pack riding, “outlaw” for one where most of the riding is done side-by-side. For the purposes of this article, I will promote “staggered” riding.
Please refer to Marty Rood’s “Group Riding” article for the basics.
As we all become more familiar with other styles and other people’s riding abilities we have to add information to increase our awareness and skills. This will save lives and we will all benefit.
“Road Snakes” (AKA: tar snakes) are those areas where black tar has been filled into cracks in the roadway, thus creating the look of a snake. These areas are extremely slippery when the outside temperature heats the tar and makes it soft. Avoid making changes in the speed or angle of your motorcycle while riding over a “road snake”. A Simi Valley motor officer recently told me that many accidents are caused by road snakes in hot weather.
The “Group” leader needs to be aware of his power over the pack. Riders in the group have a tendency to depend of him/her. Remember the front person is the one who sees any changes in road conditions first. If the group leader points to an object in the road for the rider behind him, this gesture must be passed back to all the riders as every rider needs to be aware for the safety of the pack. The group leader may choose to use his leg to point to an object in the road, you may use your hand to point to that same object as long as you make the gesture.
A pack of riders can be any number of bikes, but as the number increases so does the responsibility of each person to the riders around him. If you have been drinking alcohol or are feeling ill or just don’t feel like riding in the pack, PLEASE ride in the back of the pack or by yourself. There is no shame in meeting the group down the road.
The group leader may hold up “one” single index finger. This is a request to have the pack move into a single file formation. There are several reasons for this. Perhaps the tail man has radioed that there is a passing motorcycle that is not with your pack but wants to pass the pack. Single file usually refers to all bikes in the pack moving to the right of the lane. Remember information that is uniform, increases awareness and stability of the pack. Let the motorcyclist who is not with you go on by with ease and safety and fill in the staggered formation from the back to the front as the bike passes from the rear. Another reason the group leader may hold up the sign for a single rider formation is that you may be coming into road curves where the conditions may warrant single file. There may be several reasons for single file, I have not said them all but the important thing is to be aware and watch the rider in front of you for road signs and condition reports. Since very often you cannot see the group leader you need as much information as you can get to increase your safety and the safety of your friends. “Ride your own bike, but remember you are in the pack and a member of the group”.
Usually, if the group leader spots a police officer he will take his left hand and “tap” his helmet for the riders behind him to see. Of course this infers that the group is speeding and as everyone knows we never speed on our Valkyrie’s.
The next topic of discussion will probably cause a variety of opinions both pro and con but never the less I will discuss it. Riders’ with-in the pack should “discourage” cars from moving into the pack. Now I know that there are exceptions to every rule, for example: The pack is in the right hand lane of a freeway and there is a car entering onto the freeway, the car must be permitted to enter safely. However when the pack is traveling along and a car tries to change lanes into the pack you are all safer if the car permits the pack to pass by first. Motioning the car with the palm of your hand to wait until the pack passes can safely do this. In addition, if the pack is traveling along a road where a car is about to enter the road way from a stop, motioning the car with the palm of your hand politely will acknowledge the cars existence and attract the cars attention and improve the safety of the pack. The bottom line here is that when the car moves into the pack usually the driver of the car is nervous as well as the other bikers are distressed because the pack has been divided, we are better off to avoid conflicting situations.
I have discussed these safety tips with several motorcycle officers and it was agreed that awareness is everything. “Driving the motorcycle is a full time job”. There is also a book that one of the officers recommended called, “Proficient Motorcycling” by David Hough (sub-titled, The Ultimate Guide to riding well).
Here are a few road signs that you may not be familiar with (Not normally used for larger groups).
1) One finger held up and pointed forward means get of at the next off-ramp (as two would mean the second off-ramp).
2) One finger held up and pointed to the side (either side) means change lanes one lane over (as two would mean move over two lanes)
3) All five fingers shown to the driver next to you with a “thumbs-down or up” would mean, please reduce/increase your speed by “5” miles per hour.
These are simple and clear road signs to make it easier to communicate clearly without talking. Remember you do not need to use them but “Information is power”.
As you increase your knowledge I believe we increase our ability to ride safer.
Finally, Road Gremlins have been known to live in larger street cracks and holes. The Gremlins as the bike passes over the hole tries to reach out and grab your bike and cause accidents. If a friend gives you a small brass bell and you attach it to the lowest most forward area of your motorcycle you will scare the Gremlins away and protect yourself from accidents.